Thursday, July 16, 2020

10 Reasons You Should Talk to Strangers

10 Reasons You Should Talk to Strangers Don’t talk to strangers. This was one of the biggest rules during my childhood.My mother never got tired of reminding me to be wary of people I did not know.I am pretty sure I am not the only one who was repeatedly warned not to talk to strangers.As kids, we were taught that strangers are bad people, and that we should not talk to them under any circumstance.Our parents had a good reason for teaching us not to trust strangers.There are some mean and dangerous people out there, and as children, we were not very good at discerning the intentions of people we interacted with.By telling us not to talk to strangers, our parents were trying to protect us.As we grow into adults, we learn to differentiate people with good intentions from those with bad intentions.We learn that the majority of people in society are not sociopaths, that most people are actually quite friendly.As an adult, it doesn’t make a lot of sense to avoid talking to strangers, because there is not much to fear.You ca n easily tell whether a person has malicious intentions and avoid them.If anything, talking to strangers is a good thing.It helps us expand our network and build relationships with other people.Unfortunately, despite having learnt how to tell good people from those who mean us harm, the fear of talking to strangers instilled during our childhood remains.This is why many of us feel uneasy about talking to someone we do not know.The thought of approaching a stranger and initiating conversation makes us nervous.Because of this, we close off ourselves in our own little world, within our own small circle of friends, and in so doing, we miss out on opportunities to meet new, exciting people.As an adult, reaching out to new people has the potential to do you more good than harm.Below are ten reasons why you should start talking to strangers. 1. IT IS AN OPPORTUNITY TO MAKE NEW FRIENDSFriends are very important. Friends keep us from being lonely, they encourage us to go after our dreams, th ey teach us new things, they help us make better choices in life, they help us deal with stress, and provide us with support when we need it.Various studies have even shown that having a lot of strong friendships is good for your physical and mental health.But here is the thing â€" you are not born together with your friends. If you think about all your close friends today, they were all strangers at one point in life.Therefore, if you want to make more friends, you have to be willing to talk to strangers, who will then hopefully turn into good friends.All the strangers you see around you on a daily basis all present you with an opportunity to make a new friend.That guy you bump into at the gym a couple of times every week could be a potential work out partner.The lady from the office next to yours?Perhaps she loves salsa as much as you do and would love someone to accompany her to dance classes.Unfortunately, you will never know if you don’t talk to them.By keeping your mouth shu t, you are robbing yourself of the chance to meet an exciting person and make a new friend.Therefore, next time you bump into that stranger you see almost every day, go to them and strike up a conversation.2. STRANGERS COULD LEAD TO NEW FRIENDSWhile strangers present opportunities for you to make new friends, you obviously won’t hit it off with every new person you talk to.However, you don’t know where the conversation might lead.Even if you don’t end up making a connection with the person, they might introduce you to someone else who ends up becoming a good friend.For instance, let’s assume that, after striking up a conversation with the lady from the office next door, you find out that you don’t really have much in common.However, as you talk about your likes and interests, she mentions that she has a friend who has a passion for the same things as you.She can introduce you to her friend, who can then end up becoming a great friend.Alternatively, the lady might invite yo u to a party where you end up meeting more new people and becoming friends with some of them.3. MEET A POTENTIAL MATETalking to strangers also provides you with an opportunity to meet the love of your life.Think about your current romantic partner or someone you ever dated before.For most of you, this person was once a stranger who later turned into a lover. I am living proof of this.There is this one time I went to a restaurant, and since it was quite full, I had to share a table with a pretty lady.I said hi to her and we engaged in some small talk as we waited for our meals.The conversation went on as we ate our food, and once we were done with our meals, we exchanged phone numbers.This led to more conversations and more lunches together.Eventually, the stranger I decided to talk to at the restaurant ended up becoming my wonderful wife.Just like in my case, talking to strangers provides you with an opportunity to meet a potential mate.That man or lady sitting next to you on the tr ain or standing on the queue with you at the supermarket could be your soul mate.However, you will never know if you don’t talk to them.The best part is that you don’t need to use any cheesy pickup lines or any other such stuff.Simply be friendly, strike up a casual conversation and see where it leads.4. GAIN A NEW PERSPECTIVESometimes, talking to strangers does not lead to friendships or new romantic relationships. There is a chance that you will actually never meet some of these people again.However, having even that one conversation with them can be an eye opener.The stranger might change your perspective and give you a new way of looking at things that you have never considered before.5. EXPAND YOUR BUSINESS NETWORKIn your professional life, your network is very important.Your network opens up opportunities for new business and new jobs, helps you climb up the corporate ladder, expands your support network, makes you more visible, helps you learn more about your field, and s o on.This is why virtually all career coaches extol the importance of networking.Here is the kicker â€" networking requires you to actively go out and talk to strangers.Networking events are essentially platforms for strangers with common interests to meet and talk to each other.If the only people you ever talk to are your relatives and close friends, you can forget about building a business network.Many successful people actually confess that the biggest breaks and opportunities in their professional lives came as a result of talking to strangers.Therefore, in your professional life, you should make it a habit to talk to strangers on a daily basis.As these people turn from strangers into acquaintances and probably friends, you never know which one of them will provide you with an opportunity that will help advance your career.6. TALKING TO STRANGERS COULD LEAD TO GREAT FUNTalking to strangers can also be great fun and make up for a spontaneous, exciting day.Actually, for some peopl e, the joy of traveling comes from meeting strangers and having experiences they had not planned for. I can recall several instances in my life where talking to a stranger ended up making for a spontaneous and fun filled experience.There is this one time I was on vacation on Lamu Island.While having lunch at my hotel, I got into a conversation with some guy, and he invited me to a party that was he was going to.I decided to tag along for the party, which was being held on a floating bar smack in the middle of the ocean.That party turned out to be one of the best moments I had during my vacation, and all this happened because I just happened to talk to a stranger at the hotel.Just like my experience during my vacation, sparking up conversations with strangers can spice up your experience and lead to a lot of fun.7. YOU NEVER KNOW YOU MIGHT MEET â€" IT’S YOUR CHANCE TO FIND OUTThe best part of talking to strangers is that you never know who you might meet.The person running on the t readmill next to you might have a job opportunity for you, they might be in the market for the piece of real estate you are trying to sell, they might run for president one day (who wouldn’t love being a close friend to the president), or they might end becoming your husband or wife.You have literally no idea what to expect from the interaction unless you actually step up and initiate a conversation with the stranger.By talking to them, you open up a world of numerous possibilities. You don’t know what opportunities you miss by keeping to yourself.8. IMPROVE YOUR SOCIAL SKILLSSaying that social skills and communication skills are important is an understatement.If you want to achieve much, both in your professional and personal life, you need to know how to communicate and interact with other people.Many successful people will tell you that much of their success can be attributed to their excellent people skills.Your social skills are just like any other skill â€" they get better the more you practice, and you get rusty the longer you go without practicing them.Talking to strangers on a daily basis provides you with the perfect opportunity to practice and improve this important skill.As you talk to people you have never talked to before, the more you learn how to make small talk, how to start conversations, how to break away from conversations, and how to generally have engaging and meaningful interactions with other people.9. LEARN NEW THINGSAs the common saying goes, birds of a feather flock together. Most of your close friends are just like you.They probably like the same things as you, they have similar educational accomplishments, the make almost the same amount of money as you, you know almost similar things, you have similar world views, and so on.Interacting with this close circle of friends and acquaintances all the time limits your ability to learn new things.Strangers, on the other hand, are nothing like you.They don’t have the same experiences as you, their educational achievements are different from yours, their world view is different, their interests are different, and so on.Talking to strangers therefore provides you with an opportunity to learn new things that you wouldn’t learn from your social circle.10. BOOST YOUR CONFIDENCEMost of us feel anxious whenever we think about approaching and talking to strangers.We start doubting ourselves and think of all the things that could go wrong.However, there is something I find surprising about anxiety.The more you do things that make you nervous, the less nervous you feel, and the more confident you become.By making it a habit to talk to two or three strangers every day, you gradually start becoming more comfortable with initiating conversations with strangers, and your self-confidence goes up.Whenever you find yourself in social situations, you stop feeling awkward or shy because you are already used to interacting with strangers.This also gives you the confidence to int roduce yourself to people you want to meet for some reason (such as a potential employer or a potential date).HOW TO TALK TO STRANGERSSo far, we have seen that talking to strangers has a lot of benefits.Question is, how do you actually start talking to strangers in order to take advantage of these benefits?Below are some few tips on how to talk to strangers.Detach yourself from the outcome: Most of us feel nervous about talking to strangers because we are afraid of being rejected.We start thinking of everything that could go wrong with the conversation and we eventually convince ourselves not to approach the stranger.If you want to make a habit of talking to strangers, you should detach yourself from the outcome.Don’t worry about whatever happens. If the conversation flows well, that’s great. If it doesn’t, or if the person rejects you, it doesn’t really matter.Maybe the person is having a bad day and wants to be left alone.Once you learn how to detach yourself from the outc ome, you will stop pressuring yourself, you will feel more confident, and you will be more present in the conversation.Smile and say “hi”: This is perhaps the easiest way to get into conversations with people you don’t know.This is especially useful in situations where you see a person frequently but have never actually interacted with them.The best part about this tactic is that you don’t even have to start a conversation.Simply smiling and saying hi as you pass someone on the hallway or when you meet them at the gym water cooler is enough to break the ice and start building a connection between the two of you.Even if you don’t say anything thereafter, doing it two or three times will naturally lead to a conversation.However, this does not mean that you should not start a conversation the first time. If the person gives you an enthusiastic reply, go ahead and start a conversation.The next tip shows you how to do this.Find something you have in common: After greeting someo ne, the easiest way to kick off a conversation is to find something in common between the two of you.For instance, if you are at a party, ask them how they know the host. If you are at a bookstore, ask them to suggest a nice read.Alternatively, you can initiate the conversation by giving them a compliment.Keep in mind that you don’t have to keep the conversation going on for minutes on end.Just watch how it flows and then either thank them for their time or keep it going if they seem interested.Keep the conversation light: When you start someone for the first time, you want to keep the conversation light as you build a rapport with each other.The best way to do this is to start the conversation based on things you can observe in your surroundings, such as traffic, the weather, the party, and so on.You can take the conversation deeper as both of you get more comfortable talking to each other.Ask questions: Asking questions is the simplest way of keeping a conversation with a strang er going.After giving them a compliment or making an observation about something in your immediate vicinity, ask the person something about them.Most people enjoy talking about themselves, so this will most likely work to your advantage. Remember, keep your questions light.Below are some examples of questions to get a person to talk about themselves:So, how long have you lived around this area?Tell me, what do you like about this restaurant?For how long have you been working out?I’ve seen you around. You work around here?Nice handbag. Where did you buy it?When asking questions, avoid asking questions that are deeply personal, since you might end up freaking the person out.Look friendly and approachable: When approaching someone for a conversation, try to look friendly and approachable. Make eye contact and smile as you approach them.Once you start the conversation, maintain positive body language.Even if you feel anxious or uneasy, don’t let it show. If you look uncomfortable wh en initiating a conversation with someone, it will also make them feel uncomfortable.PLACES TO TALK TO STRANGERSWhile you can strike up a conversation with a stranger almost anywhere, there are some places where approaching strangers is much easier.Below are three places where you can easily get into conversations with strangers:Businesses you frequent: If there is a business you patronize frequently, such as a bank, a restaurant, a bookstore, and so on, you can strike up conversations with its employees.What makes it easy in this case is that you already have some kind of relationship with them â€" they cash your checks, bring your food, take your payments, etc.Rather than keeping matters strictly professional, make some casual conversation with them.Ask them how their day is going, how business is doing, etc. In most cases, these people will be delighted by your interest in them, and they will most likely respond positively.People waiting in line: This is another great opportunity for you to strike up conversation with a stranger. Waiting in line is a boring activity, so most people will gladly welcome an interesting conversation.The best part about this situation is that the fact that both of you are waiting for the same thing provides you with a commonality that can act as an icebreaker and provide fodder for the conversation.When you get into a conversation when waiting in line, keep the conversation light, since you will probably only be waiting for a short time.Social events: Social events like festivals, art shows, music concerts and museum exhibitions are perhaps the easiest place for you to get into conversations with people you have never met before.Most of the people at social events expect to interact with other people, so they won’t be caught by surprise when you approach them.The best way to take advantage of these situations is to attend them by yourself.When you attend such events with friends, you will probably spend the entire time with yo ur friends.When you don’t know anyone else at the event, however, this will encourage you to put yourself out there and initiate conversations with strangers.WRAPPING UPEven if your mother taught you to look at strangers with suspicion, most people out there are not looking to kidnap you or rob you. They are simply people, just like you.Remember, all your friends started out as strangers, and there is no reason why you should not turn more strangers into friends and acquaintances.Reaching out to strangers and creating connections with them provides you with opportunities to make new friends and possibly even meet your soul mate, gain new perspective, expand your network, learn new things, improve your social skills and hopeful have fun experiences.Having learnt the benefits of talking to strangers and tips on how to actually talk to strangers, I urge you to make a habit of talking to at least two new people each day.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

United States Involvement in the Vietnam War - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 562 Downloads: 9 Date added: 2019/03/26 Category History Essay Level High school Tags: Vietnam War Essay War Essay Did you like this example? The Vietnam War was created by Cath Senker, an experienced author who specializes in modern history. The origin of the book was created by Heinemann Library publications in 2012. It was written to inform readers about the United States involvement in the Vietnam war. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "United States Involvement in the Vietnam War" essay for you Create order The book is composed of chapters which are broken down into subtitles. Each section describes happened and it emphasizes what they were trying to show. Students are the intended audience for Senkers book because its easy enough to read and understand but has more than enough information to learn a lot about the Vietnam War. The content in this book establishes the connections between the Vietnam War and how the United States aided in the process. Learning about the Vietnam War through this book is useful because it demonstrates how much the U.S. contributed in the war. The value of the origin makes the circumstances unconditional because the author wrote the book about four decades after the event happened. During and after are two different perspectives because even if you study and study on the topic of the Vietnam War, it wont be the same as living during the war and having first-hand experience. One positive value is that Cath Senker keeps an open-mind dur to her writing about both sides and not choosing to be one sided. When this was created (2012), there was the presidential election, gay marriage, and Syria, with these events it still doesnt accurately reflect the Vietnam War. The limitations of the origin is that Senker studied modern history but didnt live through it which makes the book limited by experience. The consultant; Andrew Farrow, was able to verify the content because he studied several major conflicts including Vietnam. The limitations of the purpose is that even though it is to inform the book lacks how it affected the women and children. Gregory Feifer, The Great Gamble The Great Gamble by Gregory Feifer, who is a National Public Radios Moscow correspondent. Published by Ross Intellectual properties and created in 2009. The purpose of this book is to inform leaders how soldiers lived, how the Soviet and United States invaded Afghanistan and Iraq, and the relevance it is to modern time as well. The Great Gamble is broken down into large broad sections which are then divided into small sections to give greater detail of each topic. The content of the book involves real interviews given during the Soviet military mission in Afghanistan. The value of the content illustrates what people went through during the war in Afghanistan. It was created decades after it happened even though the thing in Afghanistan still had conflicts. The limitation of Feifers book is that he focuses mainly on the Soviet soldiers point of view on the war instead of focusing on both sides which includes the United States army. During this time in history, 2009, the United States diminishes the role in Iraq and all the soldiers withdrew from the cities, it accurately reflects how Afghanistan and Iraq had relevance at the time of publication of the book. The limitation of the origin is that Gregory Feifer wasnt a Soviet soldier at that time he is a Moscow correspondent, who is someone that will have contact with all things Russian. Interviews are first-hand which makes the book reliable because without the interviews The Great Gamble wouldnt be a primary source.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The French Revolution Of 1789 - 1191 Words

French Revolution in 1789 Introduction: King Louis XVI required cash. His money related crisis constrained the French ruler to reluctantly meet the Estates General with a specific end goal to require another land tax that would ideally settle his financial hardships. It had been basically 175 years since a last meeting of this deliberative body. That included delegates of almost three Estates: the First involved the ministry, the Second contained the nobility and also the Third involved the lower and middle classes. The Estates started their meeting at the Versailles on 5th of May, 1789 and immediately went into a force battle. The Third Estate soon proclaimed itself the National Assembly that was illustrative of the general population.†¦show more content†¦Political, monetary, and social conditions in France added to the discontent felt by numerous French individuals particularly those of the third estate. The thoughts of the scholarly people of the Enlightenment conveyed new perspectives to government and societ y. The American Revolution additionally affected the happening to the French Revolution. The Philosophers planted the seeds for the French Revolution. Their objectives were to uncover and annihilate the disparities of the old administration (old order). The political discontent of France was one of the reasons for the Revolution. In the seventeenth and eighteenth hundreds of years, France was ruled by an outright government. The ruler had all the political forces. Any individual who reprimanded the administration could be captured and put in jail without trial. Louis XVI was lord at the season of the French Revolution. He was keener on chasing than overseeing France. He and his Austrian ruler, Marie Antoinette, carried on with an extreme life at the Palace of Versailles. They didn t generally think about the condition of their nation. The initial two estates cooperated to outvote the huge third estate to keep them from turning into a risk to the force. Lord Acton, an Englishmen, states that the government being toppled wasn t the flash of the Revolution. He perceives the American Independence as the flash of the French Revolution. The

Motivation Problem Free Essays

On our assembly lines, we were trying to implement a new design that required radically new methods to assemble to the product. At the same time the operators were locked in negotiations with the management for a pay scale review. We had to come up with ways to get the operators to be motivated to start assembling the new designs. We will write a custom essay sample on Motivation Problem or any similar topic only for you Order Now In a vehicle assembly line, feedback you get from the operator Is extremely Important when it comes to usability of a product assembly process. Manufacturing engineers design the processes In their head (especially for products that are not yet physically available for use) and hence need the operators to start using the prototype machines and facilities and start coming out with constructive feedback that lists the Improvements that workers feel will make their life easier and the production quality and volume targets can be met. But when the worker Is disengaged due to other considerations on his mind, coming up with constructive criticisms Is very difficult. Actually, criticisms were shared of the new facilities and processes but they are shared in a very destructive manner. Here we have a management that is demanding that the workers change their currently comfortable work environment (at least the one which they are now used to) and take up completely new processes which may or may not be beneficial to them while being engaged in a pay dispute. Based on the findings about what drives people, usually when the money is off the table autonomy, master and purpose are the key factors. The traditional carrot and stick approach may have worked before where the work involved was highly mechanical as there was no thinking necessary due to years of practicing one type of process. But here the workers had to get used to a completely new process and they had to suggest improvements. Management has a target to limit the pay increase while still maintaining morale and motivation for the worker. They had to add incentives within the pay agreement that allowed them some flexibility in the rates while keeping the workers happy. Motivation Problem By makeover designs. In a vehicle assembly line, feedback you get from the operator is extremely important when it comes to usability of a product assembly process. Manufacturing engineers design the processes in their head (especially for products that are not yet that lists the improvements that workers feel will make their life easier and the production quality and volume targets can be met. But when the worker is criticisms is very difficult. Actually, criticisms were shared of the new facilities and How to cite Motivation Problem, Papers

Motivation Problem Free Essays

On our assembly lines, we were trying to implement a new design that required radically new methods to assemble to the product. At the same time the operators were locked in negotiations with the management for a pay scale review. We had to come up with ways to get the operators to be motivated to start assembling the new designs. We will write a custom essay sample on Motivation Problem or any similar topic only for you Order Now In a vehicle assembly line, feedback you get from the operator Is extremely Important when it comes to usability of a product assembly process. Manufacturing engineers design the processes In their head (especially for products that are not yet physically available for use) and hence need the operators to start using the prototype machines and facilities and start coming out with constructive feedback that lists the Improvements that workers feel will make their life easier and the production quality and volume targets can be met. But when the worker Is disengaged due to other considerations on his mind, coming up with constructive criticisms Is very difficult. Actually, criticisms were shared of the new facilities and processes but they are shared in a very destructive manner. Here we have a management that is demanding that the workers change their currently comfortable work environment (at least the one which they are now used to) and take up completely new processes which may or may not be beneficial to them while being engaged in a pay dispute. Based on the findings about what drives people, usually when the money is off the table autonomy, master and purpose are the key factors. The traditional carrot and stick approach may have worked before where the work involved was highly mechanical as there was no thinking necessary due to years of practicing one type of process. But here the workers had to get used to a completely new process and they had to suggest improvements. Management has a target to limit the pay increase while still maintaining morale and motivation for the worker. They had to add incentives within the pay agreement that allowed them some flexibility in the rates while keeping the workers happy. Motivation Problem By makeover designs. In a vehicle assembly line, feedback you get from the operator is extremely important when it comes to usability of a product assembly process. Manufacturing engineers design the processes in their head (especially for products that are not yet that lists the improvements that workers feel will make their life easier and the production quality and volume targets can be met. But when the worker is criticisms is very difficult. Actually, criticisms were shared of the new facilities and How to cite Motivation Problem, Papers

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Symbolism In The Scarlet Letter Essays (542 words) -

Symbolism In The Scarlet Letter Symbolism in The Scarlet Letter The Scarlet Letter is a book of much symbolism. One of the most complex and misunderstood symbols in the book is Pearl, the daughter of Hester Prynne. Pearl, throughout the story, develops into a dynamic symbol - one that is always changing. Pearl came to represent this symbolism in many ways. In The Scarlet Letter, Hester received the scarlet letter, A. She had to wear this letter upon her chest. This was the Puritan way of treating her as an adulteress. The Puritan treatment continued, because as Hester walked through the streets, she was looked down upon as if she were some sort of horrible being that had committed a terrible crime. This would give her much mental anguish and grief. On the other hand, God's treatment of Hester for her sin was quite different than just a physical token: he gave Hester the punishment of a very unique child which she named Pearl. This punishment handed down from God was a constant mental and physical reminder to Hester of what she had done wrong, and she could not escape it. In this aspect, Pearl symbolized God's way of punishing Hester for adultery. The fact that Hester's life was ruined for so long was the ultimate price that Hester paid for Pearl. With Pearl, Hester's life was one almost never filled with joy, but instead a constant nagging. Pearl would harass her mother over the scarlet A which she wore. Pearl would also make her own A to wear, and sometimes played games with her mother's, trying to hit it with rocks. When Hester would go into the town with Pearl, the other children would make fun of her, and Pearl would yell and throw dirt at them. So, in this case, Pearl symbolized the decimation of Hester's life and mental state. Although Hester had so much trouble with Pearl, she still felt that Pearl was her treasure. Pearl was virtually the only thing that Hester had in life, and if Pearl wasn't in Hester's life, Hester would almost surely have committed suicide. Once in a while, Pearl would bring joy to Hester's life, and that helped her to keep on living. Pearl really symbolized a rose to her mother, at some times she could be bright and vibrant, and really love her mother, but at other times, she could be wilting. It was at these times when she was wilting that brought Hester the most grief. One final way in which Pearl symbolized something in the novel was with her association with the scarlet letter. Pearl really was the scarlet letter, because if Pearl had never been born, Hester would have never been found guilty of adultery, and thus never would have had to wear that burden upon her chest. Without that burden, Hester would have led a much better life then the one she had throughout the novel. In closing, Pearl was a source of many different kinds of symbolism. From being a rose, to representing the scarlet letter A, she was a kind of burden, yet love for Hester. And as a final note, Pearl was more then her mother's only treasure; she was her mother's only source of survival. History Essays

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Short questions answer Essays

Short questions answer Essays Short questions answer Essay Short questions answer Essay The objectives of the study give the study a direction. They act as guidance map by determining the procedures that will lead to eventual findings of the study. Objectives assist in determining the kind of data to use for the study and the procedures for collecting the data. Objectives determine the variables to measure in our study and, therefore, give the study a more definite purpose. Costs are easily estimated and planners are enabled to give a definite time frame in which to complete the study. Focus groups, as a source of data, are more of communicative and are qualitative. People are brought together and are stimulated to give opinions and express feelings. An example is where employees may be assembled to express their feelings towards their employer. Questionnaires are also qualitative since they ask for opinions. They are communicative since the researcher does not make observations.   A questionnaire can be used to collect data on income ranges of the respondents where the ranges are in categories.   Market tests is observational since the data recorded is captured as it occurs.   These are mostly quantitative, recording variation in market prices of commodities over time. Ethnographic study is qualitative and communicative.   It goes beyond mere observation by having the researcher totally involved in the experiences of the respondent. Biographies study can be both quantitative and qualitative but most are the latter.   Such studies are observational since there is no interaction that could amount to communication. Participant observation study is qualitative and involves more of observation of people behavioural patterns. Research that is intended to unravel corruption deals within a firm can conceal its purpose since this would raise suspicion among respondents.   Required information would not be obtained.   Market research companies may conceal the purposes of their study if they intend to find the strategies that work best for companies. Such information would be withheld by any company to avoid competition.   Some information for minorities is hard to obtain unless research purpose is concealed.   This is because minority groups feel like they are being intimated by gathering sensitive information from them. An independent variable can take a random value since its not being influenced by other factors.   A dependent variable’s value is affected by the value of another variable, the independent variable.   One such test is the Chi Square test of independence.   This test gauges whether any two independent variables have any association between them.   As an example the test can measure if there is any association between a respondent’s sex and their income levels where the income levels categorized into groups, (Downing, 2003). For the Chemist’s case, Chi Square Test would be used to test the independence of variables on the choice of a store by customers.   This would highlight the factors that influence a person’s choice of a store and advice would be given to the company on what to emphasize.   For the Publishing house survey, Chi Square Test would be used to determine the interactions between the factors.   The Chi Square Tests would indicate clear differences and whether or not the differences are significant.   This would enable us to either refute the null hypothesis or fail to reflect it.   For the jewelry stores study, T-Test best fits the study.   The T-test would show if there are significant differences in the average amounts spent and the sales.   T-test measures differences for continuous data (Downing, 2003).